INDIA OPENS DOORS FOR FOREIGN UNIVERSITIES: With a legislative framework in work, India makes an attempt to internationalize education by allowing overseas universities to set up campuses within the country. This comes as a part of the policy which aims at increasing public spending on education. No doubt this is an endeavor by the government, to boost the economy as it strives to breathe against the grave impacts of the coronavirus pandemic.
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India’s education policy remained unamended for about 34 years until, the Cabinet on 29th July 2020 (Wednesday), passed the New Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020).
As per NEP 2020, “select universities (e.g., those from among the top 100 universities in the world) will be permitted to operate in India”. The policy further adds that “a legislative framework facilitating such entry will be put in place, and such universities will be given special dispensation regarding regulatory, governance, and content norms on par with other autonomous institutions of India”.
NEP 2020 doesn’t only allow oversea universities to enter India, it also encourages “high-performing” Indian universities to set up campuses in other countries. The policy also aims at stimulating more collaborations and student exchange programs between global and Indian institutions.
In this regard NEP 2020 lays that “credits acquired in foreign universities will be permitted, where appropriate as per the requirements of each (Higher Education Institution) HEI, to be counted for the award of a degree”.
With this policy, the government seeks to attract a greater number of international students in India by providing greater mobility to students to visit, transfer credits, study at, etc at oversea institutions and also by meeting the global quality standards. A few other reforms that the policy includes are making school education compulsory from the age of three, as well as promoting the use of technology and the study of Indian languages.
As per Higher Education Secretary, Amit Khare “the government is seeking to expand access to higher education to 50% of high school students by 2035, aiming to add about 35 million new places for students, and achieve universal adult literacy before that date”.
According to critics, it’s still a question whether top-rated universities would set up campuses in India considering the regulatory framework is also going to cap fees that will be charged by educational institutions. The education sector is one of those sectors that PM Modi has been aiming to reform so as to support the economy as the pandemic strikes.
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