Today (5th of August) marks the first anniversary of the revocation of the article of 370 and the reorganization of the state of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K).
Under article 370 and article 35A J&K had been provided with a “special status”. The “special status” allowed J&K to have its own flag, to have a constitution of its own and it also granted political and administrative autonomy to the government of J&K and its state legislature. Over the years, however, critics have argued that the “special status” has promoted terrorism and has blocked development in J&K. Most importantly it has affected the complete integration of J&K within the Indian union thereby threatening the unity and integrity of India.
Keeping these grounds in the foresight, the Centre last year decided to revoke the special status of J&K by repealing articles 370 and 35A through an executive decision. Furthermore, the central government also decided to reorganize the state of J&K into the Union Territory (UT) of J&K and that of Ladakh.
The center after making this controversial decision expected massive protests and violence in J&K which may eventually pose a threat to national security. The central government hence decided to place stern restrictions including a temporary suspension of the fundamental rights in J&K. These restrictions were enforced a few days before the “special status” was revoked. As a part of these restrictions, several leaders of J&K were arrested and detained. A handful of the leaders were even placed under house arrest as per the provisions of the Public Safety Act (PSA). Furthermore, the internet and communication services were also suspended and a large scale restriction on movement was placed on public movement.
Today a year later many restrictions still remain in place and now the time has come to unlock and restore democratic fundamental rights in Jammu and Kashmir.
A number of leaders continue to remain in detention and under house arrest. The suspension of the internet and communication services has not been completely withdrawn. The continuation of these restrictions not only has had a severe impact on the aspirations of the local people and on the local economy, but they have also raised eyebrows in the international sphere. These actions have raised questions against India’s commitment to constitutional democracy and its belief in upholding the democratic rights, fundamental rights, and the Human rights of its citizens.
Some experts are of the view that the decision of the reorganization of J&K could be one of the reasons for china’s aggression at the border in Ladakh. Other countries like the USA, EU, etc and UN have referred to this an internal matter of India.
Keeping the security in mind, and to prevent violence and loss of life and property, it’s imminent to impose curfew in the district as per the UT administration. A curfew has imposed across the Kashmir valley which came into force Monday evening. The judgment was taken at a core group meeting of security officials, civil administration, and intelligence, which was chaired by General Officer Commanding 15 Corps B S Raju and Director General J&K Police Dilbag Singh.
Curfew-like restrictions, mainly to contain the COVID-19 pandemic, are expected in Kashmir on Wednesday as the union territory marks the first ceremony of revocation of the special status of Jammu and Kashmir.
Police and CRPF personnel have been deployed in strength across the valley to ensure that the ideas of separatists to disturb peace don’t succeed.
Hope you enjoy the article” First Anniversary of Abrogation of Article 370 ” stay tuned for more updates.